2-Nitroimidazole based fluorescent probes for nitroreductase; monitoring reductive stress in cellulo
Two 2-nitroimidazole-1,8-naphthalimide conjugates, 1 and 2, have been synthesised as fluorescence probes for the detection of reductive stress in HeLa cells. The 4-substituted derivative 1 was shown to act as a highly sensitive and selective substrate for nitroreductase where it exhibited a clear blue to green ratiometric fluorescence response visible to the naked eye. Moreover, biological studies demonstrated 1 could be activated in cellulo where the impact of reductive stress was easily monitored using confocal microscopy and flow cytommetry.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemosensors and Molecular Logic