Porphyrin-based photosensitizers and their DNA conjugates for singlet oxygen induced nucleic acid interstrand crosslinking†
The development of methods for the generation of site-selective interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) in synthetic oligonucleotides provides a platform for the study of ICL repair mechanisms and the stabilisation of DNA-based materials. Our group has previously reported on the use of a furan moiety as a masked reactive functionality for ICL generation and recently introduced the use of 1O2 as an efficient light-induced oxidant. Here, the use of porphyrin-based photosensitizers (PSs) has been explored for ICL generation. The efficiency of the ICL reaction has been investigated using PSs added into solution as well as attached to oligonucleotide probes. Interestingly, even a highly hydrophobic phthalocyanine was able to produce ICLs. Either in solution or conjugated to an ON, chlorin e6 was the most efficient ICL generator for the current purpose.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Nucleic Acid Modifications