Regioselective 6-endo-dig iodocyclization: an accessible approach for iodo-benzo[a]phenazines†
A facile approach for the synthesis of substituted iodo-benzo[a]phenazines from 2-aryl-3-(aryl/alkylethynyl)quinoxalines via 6-endo-dig ring closure has been described under mild reaction conditions. Iodocyclization proceeds through the iodonium ion intermediate followed by nucleophilic cyclization with the C–H bond of the arene. Furthermore, the resulting 6-iodo-5-aryl/alkyl benzo[a]phenazine derivatives allowed for structural diversification by employing various coupling reactions. The structure of iodo-benzo[a]phenazine was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic studies of the compound.