Wafer-scale reliable switching memory based on 2-dimensional layered organic–inorganic halide perovskite
Recently, organic–inorganic halide perovskite (OHP) has been suggested as an alternative to oxides or chalcogenides in resistive switching memory devices due to low operating voltage, high ON/OFF ratio, and flexibility. The most studied OHP is 3-dimensional (3D) MAPbI3. However, MAPbI3 often exhibits less reliable switching behavior probably due to the uncontrollable random formation of conducting filaments. Here, we report the resistive switching property of 2-dimensional (2D) OHP and compare switching characteristics depending on structural dimensionality. The dimensionality is controlled by changing the composition of BA2MAn−1PbnI3n+1 (BA = butylammonium, MA = methylammonium), where 2D is formed from n = 1, and 3D is formed from n = ∞. Quasi 2D compositions with n = 2 and 3 are also compared. Transition from a high resistance state (HRS) to a low resistance state (LRS) occurs at 0.25 × 106 V m−1 for 2D BA2PbI4 film, which is lower than those for quasi 2D and 3D. Upon reducing the dimensionality from 3D to 2D, the ON/OFF ratio significantly increases from 102 to 107, which is mainly due to the decreased HRS current. A higher Schottky barrier and thermal activation energy are responsible for the low HRS current. We demonstrate for the first time reliable resistive switching from 4 inch wafer-scale BA2PbI4 thin film working at both room temperature and a high temperature of 87 °C, which strongly suggests that 2D OHP is a promising candidate for resistive switching memory.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Editor’s Choice: Perovskite Nanomaterials and Devices