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Issue 9, 2017
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Photonic nanorods with magnetic responsiveness regulated by lattice defects

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Herein, we use experiments and numerical simulations to demonstrate a novel class of magnetically responsive photonic crystals (MRPCs) based on photonic nanorods which exhibit multiple optical properties in a magnetic field (H) due to their fixed photonic nanorods and H-tunable lattice defects. As an example, superparamagnetic Fe3O4@polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP)@SiO2 photonic nanorods were fabricated through a polyacrylic acid-catalysed hydrolysis–condensation reaction of γ-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane around chain-like PC templates formed by monodispersed Fe3O4@PVP particles under H. For the as-proposed MRPCs, with increasing H, the photonic nanorods firstly experience in situ rotational orientation along the H direction, followed by alignment and connection into long parellel nanochains via the spaces between the ends of adjacent photonic nanorods (named lattice defects). As the number and size of the lattice defects changes with H, the MRPCs exhibit visible red-shifts and blue-shifts of their diffraction wavelengths in addition to monotonous enhancement of their diffraction peaks. These optical properties are very different from those of previously reported MRPCs. The diversity of the structural colors and brightness of these MRPCs with H is also closely dependent on the applied time of H, the concentration of the photonic nanorods, and the structural parameters of the nanorods, including nanorod length and interparticle distance. Due to the difficult duplication of their various optical properties as well as their easy fabrication and low cost, MRPCs based on photonic nanorods are suitable for wide applications in forgery protection and information encryption.

Graphical abstract: Photonic nanorods with magnetic responsiveness regulated by lattice defects

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The article was received on 31 Dec 2016, accepted on 31 Jan 2017 and first published on 02 Feb 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6NR10022H
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 3105-3113

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    Photonic nanorods with magnetic responsiveness regulated by lattice defects

    H. Ma, K. Tang, W. Luo, L. Ma, Q. Cui, W. Li and J. Guan, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 3105
    DOI: 10.1039/C6NR10022H

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