Oligoanilines as a suppressor of polysulfide shuttling in lithium–sulfur batteries†
The migration of small polysulfide (LiPS) chains through the porous polymeric separators seriously jeopardizes the cycle life and energy density of lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries. Herein, we present a new concept in which an organic oligoaniline, amine-capped aniline trimer (ACAT), serves as an effective suppressor of the LiPS migration in Li–S cells. The strong interaction between LiPS and ACAT facilitates the formation of bulky ACAT–LiPS complexes (organoLiPS complexes), which are then size-selectively sieved by the porous polymeric separators employed in Li–S cells. Thus, the addition of ACAT significantly ameliorates the electrochemical performances of Li–S batteries due to suppressed LiPS migration. This new concept offers a viable strategy to achieve practically viable Li–S batteries.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Horizons Community Board Collection – Advanced Energy Storage Technologies