Jump to main content
Jump to site search
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Maintenance work is planned for Monday 16 August 2021 from 07:00 to 23:59 (BST).

Website performance may be temporarily affected and you may not be able to access some PDFs or images. If this does happen, refreshing your web browser should resolve the issue. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 8, 2017

Metal-catalyzed reductive deamination of glutamic acid to bio-based dimethyl glutarate and methylamines

Author affiliations

Abstract

Glutamic acid is a promising renewable platform molecule which is abundantly available in biomass waste streams; it is also efficiently manufactured by fermentation. Here we report the reductive deamination of glutamic acid to bio-based dimethyl glutarate and methylamines. In order to recycle nitrogen in an industrially relevant co-product, glutamic acid was modified to N,N-dimethylglutamic acid by a mild reductive alkylation with Pd/C. Subsequently, selective C–N hydrogenolysis in methanol resulted in dimethyl glutarate and trimethylamine. A wide screening of transition metals (Pt, Pd, Rh and Ru) immobilized on various supports showed that the highest yields of dimethyl glutarate were obtained with Pt/TiO2. An FTIR study and kinetic experiments on metal-loaded and unloaded supports demonstrate that the interplay between the metal and the moderate acidity of the support results in the excellent C–N hydrogenolysis activity and selectivity. Finally, reaction parameter optimization resulted in 81% yield of dimethyl glutarate with 1 wt% Pt/TiO2 at 225 °C, 30 bar H2 after 8 h.

Graphical abstract: Metal-catalyzed reductive deamination of glutamic acid to bio-based dimethyl glutarate and methylamines

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Nov 2016
Accepted
14 Feb 2017
First published
14 Feb 2017

Green Chem., 2017,19, 1866-1876
Article type
Paper

Metal-catalyzed reductive deamination of glutamic acid to bio-based dimethyl glutarate and methylamines

F. De Schouwer, T. Cuypers, L. Claes and D. E. De Vos, Green Chem., 2017, 19, 1866 DOI: 10.1039/C6GC03222B

To request permission to reproduce material from this article, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements