Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 2, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Case study: the crude MCHM chemical spill investigation and recovery in West Virginia USA

Author affiliations

Abstract

Several recent chemical spills have caused large-scale drinking water contamination incidents in Canada and the USA. The study goal was to identify key decisions and actions critical to incident investigations using the 2014 crude MCHM chemical spill in West Virginia USA as a case study. Environmental testing records, scientific reports, government documents, and communication records were reviewed. Results showed that thorough characterization of the spilled liquid and impacted source water is critical to assessing potential public health risks, estimating chemical fate, and designing infrastructure decontamination procedures that can restore infrastructure use. Premise plumbing water testing was not carried-out by responders but testing conducted by other organizations identified the decontamination procedures issued by responders and drinking water screening levels were not adequate to protect public health. Rapid bench-scale tests should be considered to (1) examine water treatment breakdown products, (2) evaluate chemical sorption and leaching by infrastructure materials (i.e., activated carbon, plastics), (3) predict water heater decontamination, and (4) estimate chemical volatilization during fixture use. Key actions to support an effective response and research needs were identified.

Graphical abstract: Case study: the crude MCHM chemical spill investigation and recovery in West Virginia USA

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 13 Dec 2015, accepted on 21 Mar 2016 and first published on 21 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5EW00294J
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017,3, 312-332
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Case study: the crude MCHM chemical spill investigation and recovery in West Virginia USA

    A. J. Whelton, L. McMillan, C. L.-R. Novy, K. D. White and X. Huang, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017, 3, 312
    DOI: 10.1039/C5EW00294J

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements