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Issue 37, 2017
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Synthesis and redox reactions of bis(verdazyl)palladium complexes

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The synthesis and ligand-centered redox chemistry of palladium complexes bearing two potentially bidentate verdazyl ligands is explored. Reaction of 1,5-diisopropyl-3-pyridin-2-yl-6-oxoverdazyl radical 1 with Pd(NCMe)4·2BF4 gives a complex containing two coordinated verdazyl radicals. The structure of this complex consists of one verdazyl bound to Pd in a bidentate mode and the second verdazyl bound in a monodentate fashion through the pyridine substituent; the fourth coordination site is occupied by a solvent molecule (acetonitrile (3) or dimethyl sulfoxide (4)). Two-electron reduction of this complex with decamethylferrocene affords a bis(verdazyl) palladium complex (5) in which both verdazyls have been reduced to their anionic state and are both bound to Pd in bidentate manner. Complex 5 can be independently synthesized by a redox reaction between 1 and Pd2(dba)3. Reduced complex 5 can be re-oxidized to 3 or 4 with AgBF4; in contrast, oxidation with PhICl2 leads to ligand dissociation, ultimately giving radical 1 and a mono(verdazyl)dichloropalladium complex 2. One-electron oxidation using PhICl2 produces a formally “mixed valent” (in ligand) bis(verdazyl)chloropalladium complex (6) with one bidentate verdazyl anion ligand and one monodentate (pyridine-bound) verdazyl radical. Attempted protonation of the verdazyl ligands in complex 5 leads to complete ligand dissociation and protonation of both the tetrazine and pyridine moieties; deprotonation regenerates 5. Subsequent air oxidation of the tetrazane/pyridinium cation (formed as a tetrachloropalladate salt) leads to re-coordination of the verdazyl ligands to give 6 initially, but ultimately produces a combination of free radical 1 and 2.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and redox reactions of bis(verdazyl)palladium complexes

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Supplementary files

Article information

20 Jul 2017
30 Aug 2017
First published
01 Sep 2017

Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 12636-12644
Article type

Synthesis and redox reactions of bis(verdazyl)palladium complexes

C. A. Sanz, Z. R. McKay, S. W. C. MacLean, B. O. Patrick and R. G. Hicks, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 12636
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02646C

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