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Issue 31, 2017
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Insertion reactions of small unsaturated molecules in the N–B bonds of boron guanidinates

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Abstract

We report here 1,1- and 1,2-insertion reactions of small unsaturated molecules in the N–B bonds of two boron guanidinates, (Me2N)C(NiPr)2BCy2 (1) and {iPr(H)N}C(NiPr){N(p-tBu-C6H4)}BCy2 (2), and two bisboron guanidinates(2–), {iPr(BCy2)N}C(NiPr){N(p-tBu-C6H4)}BCy2 (3) and {iPr(C8H14B)N}C(NiPr){N(p-Me-C6H4)}BC8H14 (4), the latter being prepared for the first time by double deprotonation of the corresponding guanidine with the 9-borabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane dimer, (H-BC8H14)2. Compounds 1–4 easily insert aromatic isonitriles, XylNC (Xyl = 2,6-Me2-C6H3) and (p-MeO-C6H4)NC, to give the expected diazaboroles 5–12, some of them being structurally characterised by X-ray diffraction. Interestingly, the BC8H14 derivatives 11 and 12 are in a fast temperature-dependent equilibrium with the de-insertion products, whose thermodynamic parameters are reported here. A correlation between these equilibria and the puckered heterocyclic structure found in the solid state for 11, and confirmed by DFT calculations, is also established. Reactions of the aforementioned guanidinates with CO are more sluggish or even precluded, and only one product, {iPr(H)N}C{N(p-tBu-C6H4)}(NiPr)(CO)BCy2 (13), could be isolated in moderate yields. The 1,2-insertions of benzaldehyde in compounds 1, 2 and 4 are reversible reactions in all cases, and only one of the insertion products, {iPr(H)N}C{N(p-tBu-C6H4)}(NiPr)(PhHCO)BCy2 (16a), was isolated and diffractrometrically characterised. Likewise, CO2 reversibly inserts into a N–B bond of 2 to give {iPr(H)N}C{N(p-tBu-C6H4)}(NiPr)(CO2)BCy2 (19) with a conversion of ca. 9%. In all these equilibria, de-insertion is always favoured upon increasing the temperature.

Graphical abstract: Insertion reactions of small unsaturated molecules in the N–B bonds of boron guanidinates

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Article information


Submitted
07 Jun 2017
Accepted
10 Jul 2017
First published
24 Jul 2017

Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 10281-10299
Article type
Paper

Insertion reactions of small unsaturated molecules in the N–B bonds of boron guanidinates

A. Ramos, A. Antiñolo, F. Carrillo-Hermosilla, R. Fernández-Galán, M. D. P. Montero-Rama, E. Villaseñor, A. Rodríguez-Diéguez and D. García-Vivó, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 10281
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02081C

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