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Issue 11, 2017
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Metal–organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents

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Abstract

Owing to the vast diversity of linkers, nodes, and topologies, metal–organic frameworks can be tailored for specific tasks, such as chemical separations or catalysis. Accordingly, these materials have attracted significant interest for capture and/or detoxification of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents. In this paper, we review recent experimental and computational work pertaining to the capture of several industrially-relevant toxic chemicals, including NH3, SO2, NO2, H2S, and some volatile organic compounds, with particular emphasis on the challenging issue of designing materials that selectively adsorb these chemicals in the presence of water. We also examine recent research on the capture and catalytic degradation of chemical warfare agents such as sarin and sulfur mustard using metal–organic frameworks.

Graphical abstract: Metal–organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents

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Article information


Submitted
13 Feb 2017
First published
27 Mar 2017

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017,46, 3357-3385
Article type
Review Article

Metal–organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents

N. S. Bobbitt, M. L. Mendonca, A. J. Howarth, T. Islamoglu, J. T. Hupp, O. K. Farha and R. Q. Snurr, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, 46, 3357
DOI: 10.1039/C7CS00108H

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