Theoretical exploration of the potential applications of Sc-based MXenes
Herein, we systematically explored the electronic properties of Sc-based MXenes via first-principles calculations, with the aim to extend their applicability. OH-Functionalized carbides and OH/SH-terminated nitrides manifest ultralow work functions, potential in field-effect transistors. Furthermore, we identified three novel semiconductors (Sc2CCl2, Sc2C(SH)2, and Sc2NO2). Specifically, Sc2NO2 is a spin gapless semiconductor, promising for spintronics. Type-II heterojunctions are readily available between Sc-based semiconducting MXenes, facilitating charge separation for optoelectronics and solar energy conversion. Further photocatalytic analysis indicates that Sc2CCl2 is capable of oxidizing H2O into O2.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2017 PCCP HOT Articles