Simulations of CO2 sorption were performed in five members of the previously discovered SIFSIX series: SIFSIX-1-Cu, SIFSIX-2-Cu, SIFSIX-2-Cu-i, SIFSIX-3-Zn, and SIFSIX-3-Cu. These metal–organic materials (MOMs) consist of metal ions that are coordinated to linear ligands and are pillared with SiF62− (“SIFSIX”) ions. These MOMs mostly differ in the ligand that is used to synthesize the material, although interpenetration and substitution of the metal ion is also responsible for the formation of some members. The pore size in this series ranges from 3.54 to 13.05 Å. The simulated CO2 sorption isotherms and isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst) values for all five MOMs are in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data. Consistent with experimental measurements, our simulations demonstrate that the Qst for CO2 increases as the pore size decreases in this series. It was found that SIFSIX-1-Cu and SIFSIX-2-Cu-i exhibit favorable MOM–sorbate and sorbate–sorbate interactions upon CO2 sorption, which explains why the CO2Qst increases as a function of loading in these variants. Further, SIFSIX-3-Zn and SIFSIX-3-Cu display nearly constant Qst values for all loadings considered because only one type of sorption site is present in these MOMs. Notable differences in the repulsion/dispersion and electrostatic contributions for CO2 sorption were observed in all five SIFSIX MOMs, with no particular trend upon variation of the pore size. SIFSIX-2-Cu-i exhibits the highest contributions from repulsion/dispersion interactions, while SIFSIX-3-Cu displays the highest percentage from electrostatic interactions within the series. Polarization interactions are negligible for all five members. Overall, our simulations reveal that these five SIFSIX MOMs display different CO2 sorption mechanisms and energetics. This led to differences in the sorbate induced dipole distribution and the radial distribution functions (g(r)) about the Si atoms for all MOMs.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Crystalline Materials for Environmental Remediation