Development of air-stable hydrogen evolution catalysts
Obtaining abundant pure hydrogen by reduction of water has an important implication in the development of clean and renewable energy. Hence research focused on the development of non-noble metal based facile and energy efficient catalysts for proton reduction is on the rise. However, for practical utilization, it is necessary that these complexes function unabated in the presence of atmospheric oxygen and other common contaminants in abundant water sources. There has been very little activity towards the development of oxygen-tolerant hydrogen producing catalysts. This article aims to draw attention to this issue of oxygen sensitivity in the HER and highlights the development of a few air-stable HER catalysts (enzymatic as well as artificial) elaborating the challenges involved and the techniques discovered to overcome this significant deterrent to large-scale hydrogen production by electrolysis from abundant water sources.