Fluorometric gas-imaging system (sniff-cam), using the extinction of NADH with an ADH reverse reaction, for acetaldehyde in the gas phase†
A gas-imaging system (sniff-cam) that allows fluorometric visualization of a two-dimensional (2-D) distribution of gaseous acetaldehyde (AcH) was developed. It employed a reverse reaction of a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dependent enzyme that led to consumption of NADH in that reaction. The system was constructed with a highly sensitive camera, an ultraviolet light emitting diode array sheet, two band pass filters and an alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH)-immobilized mesh that was used for AcH detection. The reverse reaction of the ADH catalyzed the reduction of AcH to ethanol and the oxidation of NADH to NAD+, which occurred when gaseous AcH was applied to the ADH immobilized mesh that was wetted with a slightly acidic NADH solution. As NADH has an autofluorescence property [emission (λem) at 490 nm; excitation (λex) at 340 nm], the presence of gaseous AcH was visualized by a decrease of fluorescence of the NADH at the ADH immobilized mesh. After constructing the gaseous AcH imaging system, optimizations of pH, and concentration of the NADH solution were performed. As a result of the optimizations (500 μM of NADH in 0.1 M of Tris hydrochloride (Tris-HCl) buffer at pH 6.5), the AcH sniff-cam showed a wide dynamic range (0.1–10 ppm) for gaseous AcH with a high correlation coefficient (R = 0.999). Furthermore, a fluorescence gradient with a rounded shape centered in a gas outlet was observed. These results demonstrated that the AcH sniff-cam utilizing the fluorescence decrease of NADH could be used to quantitatively evaluate the 2-D distribution of gaseous AcH.