Significant enhancement of photovoltaic performance through introducing S⋯N conformational locks
In this contribution, we developed a novel type of IDT-based small molecular acceptor, IDT-Tz, using thiazole as π-bridges. Through employing thiazole units as the π-bridges, nitrogen⋯sulfur noncovalent conformational locks were introduced to enhance the rigidity and planarity of the backbone, and thus reduce the reorganization energy, increase the charge transport mobility, and enhance the photovoltaic performance. The differences between the IDT-Tz and IDT-T based solar cells were fully investigated to understand the influences of the nitrogen⋯sulfur noncovalent conformational locks. The organic solar cells based on the IDT-Tz electron acceptor exhibit power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) as high as 8.4%, which is significantly higher than the PCE (4.1%) of the IDT-T based devices. This work demonstrated a novel strategy for enhancing the PCE of organic solar cells through introducing noncovalent conformational locks, which will be promising in designing novel high-performance non-fullerene materials.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2017 Journal of Materials Chemistry A HOT Papers