Tuning electrochemical catalytic activity of defective 2D terrace MoSe2 heterogeneous catalyst via cobalt doping
This study presents the successful growth of defective 2D terrace MoSe2/CoMoSe lateral heterostructures (LH), bilayer and multilayer MoSe2/CoMoSe LH, and vertical heterostructures (VH) nanolayers by doping metal cobalt (Co) element into MoSe2 atomic layers to form a CoMoSe alloy at high temperatures (∼900 °C). After the successful introduction of metal Co heterogeneity in the MoSe2 thin layers, more active sites can be created to enhance hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) activities combining with metal Co catalysis through mechanisms such as (1) atomic arrangement distortion in CoMoSe alloy nanolayers, (2) atomic level coarsening in LH interfaces and terrace edge layer architecture in VH, and (3) formation of defective 2D terrace MoSe2 nanolayers heterogeneous catalyst via metal Co doping. The HER investigations indicated that the obtained products with LH and VH exhibited an improved HER activity in comparison with those from pristine 2D MoSe2 electrocatalyst and LH type MoSe2/CoMoSe. The present work shows a facile yet reliable route to introduce metal ions into ultrathin 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCS) and produce defective 2D alloy atomic layers for exposing active sites, eventually improving their electrocatalytic performance.
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