Towards macrocyclic ionic liquids: novel ammonium salts based on tetrasubstituted p-tert-butylthiacalixarenes†
Water-insoluble ionic liquids based on p-tert-butylthiacalixarenes tetrasubstituted at the lower rim with amide and quaternary ammonium groups containing alkyl, phenyl, ester, phthalimide, glycine, alanine and glycylglycine groups in cone and 1,3-alternate conformations were synthesized. It was established that macrocycles containing quaternary ammonium fragments with alkyl, phenyl and ester groups at the nitrogen atom in cone conformation melt lower by 8–31 °C than 1,3-alternate stereoisomers. It was shown that the introduction of the bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion as a counterion in the structure of quaternary ammonium salts based on thiacalixarenes led to a substantial decrease in the melting point of the above salts.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Ionic Liquids: Editors collection for RSC Advances