Improved compatibility of DDAB-functionalized graphene oxide with a conjugated polymer by isocyanate treatment
2-Chlorophenyl isocyanate (CI) reacts with didodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB) functionalized graphene oxide (DDAB-GO) dispersed in ortho-dichlorobenzene under mild conditions. The CI treatment complements DDAB functionalization to further decrease the hydrophilicity of pristine GO sheets. The resulting CI–DDAB-GO exhibits improved compatibility with the conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT), compared to DDAB-GO. CI–DDAB-GO sheets can be homogeneously dispersed when blended with P3HT, resulting in an improved morphology compared to P3HT:DDAB-GO composites. The incorporation of CI–DDAB-GO can effectively reduce the dark current of photo-diodes based on P3HT composites, showing potential to enhance the performance of electronic devices based on conjugated polymer composites.