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Issue 3, 2017
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Lung development

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Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between maternal vitamin D deficiency and an increased risk of chronic lung disease in offspring. While vitamin D and UV induced non-vitamin D pathways have the capacity to modulate immune function, this relationship may also be explained by an effect on lung development which is an independent predictor of lung function and the risk of lung disease later in life. To date there are not sufficient data to support the role of non-vitamin D pathways in this association, while in vivo and in vitro data suggest that there is a causal relationship between vitamin D and lung development. However, equivocal results in recent high profile clinical trials have dampened enthusiasm for vitamin D as an important public health intervention for improving lung development. In this narrative review we summarise our current understanding of the link between UV exposure, vitamin D and lung development.

Graphical abstract: Lung development

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The article was received on 29 Jul 2016, accepted on 28 Oct 2016 and first published on 28 Oct 2016

Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C6PP00278A
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2017,16, 339-346

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    Lung development

    L. Chen and G. R. Zosky, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2017, 16, 339
    DOI: 10.1039/C6PP00278A

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