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Issue 25, 2017
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Reductive dissolution of supergrowth carbon nanotubes for tougher nanocomposites by reactive coagulation spinning

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Abstract

Long single-walled carbon nanotubes, with lengths >10 μm, can be spontaneously dissolved by stirring in a sodium naphthalide N,N-dimethylacetamide solution, yielding solutions of individualised nanotubide ions at concentrations up to 0.74 mg mL−1. This process was directly compared to ultrasonication and found to be less damaging while maintaining greater intrinsic length, with increased individualisation, yield, and concentration. Nanotubide solutions were spun into fibres using a new reactive coagulation process, which covalently grafts a poly(vinyl chloride) matrix to the nanotubes directly at the point of fibre formation. The grafting process insulated the nanotubes electrically, significantly enhancing the dielectric constant to 340% of the bulk polymer. For comparison, samples were prepared using both Supergrowth nanotubes and conventional shorter commercial single-walled carbon nanotubes. The resulting nanocomposites showed similar, high loadings (ca. 20 wt%), but the fibres formed with Supergrowth nanotubes showed significantly greater failure strain (up to ∼25%), and hence more than double the toughness (30.8 MJ m−3), compared to composites containing typical ∼1 μm SWCNTs.

Graphical abstract: Reductive dissolution of supergrowth carbon nanotubes for tougher nanocomposites by reactive coagulation spinning

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
31 Jan 2017
Accepted
29 May 2017
First published
31 May 2017

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale, 2017,9, 8764-8773
Article type
Paper

Reductive dissolution of supergrowth carbon nanotubes for tougher nanocomposites by reactive coagulation spinning

A. J. Clancy, D. B. Anthony, S. J. Fisher, H. S. Leese, C. S. Roberts and M. S. P. Shaffer, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 8764
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR00734E

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