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Issue 5, 2017
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Recent progress in cellulose nanocrystals: sources and production

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Abstract

Cellulose nanocrystals, a class of fascinating bio-based nanoscale materials, have received a tremendous amount of interest both in industry and academia owing to its unique structural features and impressive physicochemical properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, renewability, low density, adaptable surface chemistry, optical transparency, and improved mechanical properties. This nanomaterial is a promising candidate for applications in fields such as biomedical, pharmaceuticals, electronics, barrier films, nanocomposites, membranes, supercapacitors, etc. New resources, new extraction procedures, and new treatments are currently under development to satisfy the increasing demand of manufacturing new types of cellulose nanocrystals-based materials on an industrial scale. Therefore, this review addresses the recent progress in the production methodologies of cellulose nanocrystals, covering principal cellulose resources and the main processes used for its isolation. A critical and analytical examination of the shortcomings of various approaches employed so far is made. Additionally, structural organization of cellulose and nomenclature of cellulose nanomaterials have also been discussed for beginners in this field.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress in cellulose nanocrystals: sources and production

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Article information


Submitted
08 Dec 2016
Accepted
10 Jan 2017
First published
24 Jan 2017

Nanoscale, 2017,9, 1763-1786
Article type
Review Article

Recent progress in cellulose nanocrystals: sources and production

D. Trache, M. H. Hussin, M. K. M. Haafiz and V. K. Thakur, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 1763
DOI: 10.1039/C6NR09494E

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