Perspectives on metal–organic frameworks with intrinsic electrocatalytic activity
This highlight article focuses on the rapidly emerging area of electrocatalytic metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with a particular emphasis on those systems displaying intrinsic activity. Three electrocatalytic conversion processes are discussed, including CO2 reduction, the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), as well as a selection of other relevant examples. The scope of our discussion encompasses aspects of MOF structure that are key to their function, performance characteristics such as stability and selectivity, together with methods for interfacing MOFs with surfaces. Key challenges that have emerged are highlighted in addition to opportunities that are relevant to the field in the design of more stable, selective and robust electrocatalysts for a range of industrial processes.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Editor’s Collection: Zirconium based MOFs for catalysis, Editors collection: Metal Organic Frameworks as catalysts for water splitting and CO2 reduction, Celebrating Excellence in Research: 100 Women of Chemistry, Crystalline Materials for Environmental Remediation, 2017 Highlight article collection and Metal-Organic Framework Catalysis