Recent developments in transition-metal photoredox-catalysed reactions of carbonyl derivatives
Single-electron reduction of CO and CN bonds of aldehydes, ketones, and imines results in the formation of ketyl and α-aminoalkyl anion radicals, respectively. These reactive intermediates are characterized by an altered electronic character with respect to their parent molecules and undergo a diverse range of synthetically useful transformations, which are not available to even-electron species. This Review summarizes the reactions of ketyl and α-aminyl radicals generated from carbonyl derivatives under transition-metal photoredox-catalysed conditions. We primarily focus on recent developments in the field, as well as give a brief overview of catalytic enantioselective transformations that provide a means to achieve precise stereocontrol over the reactivity of ion radicals.