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Issue 20, 2016
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Influence of alkyl side-chain length on the carrier mobility in organic semiconductors: herringbone vs. pi–pi stacking

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Abstract

The influence of the alkyl side-chains on the electronic structures, molecular packing and charge transport for five naphthalene diimide (NDI) derivatives, four [1]benzoselenopheno[3,2-b][1]benzoselenophene (BSBS) derivatives and three [1]benzothieno[3,2-b]benzothiophene (BTBT) derivatives is systematically investigated by density functional theory calculations coupled with a tunneling enabled hopping model. The results show that the introduction of long alkyl chains does not affect the energy levels of frontier molecular orbitals and reorganization energies, but can modify the molecular packing in organic semiconductors. It is found that for the π–π stacking systems such as NDI derivatives and BSBS-C10/C14, the charge mobility decreases with alkyl chain length, which is due to the displaced stacking along the short axis of the molecular plane, while for the herringbone stacking systems such as BTBT derivatives and BSBS-C8/C12, the charge mobility increases with alkyl chain length, due to enhanced π⋯π interaction along the stacking direction and the displaced stacking along the short axis of the molecular plane, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Influence of alkyl side-chain length on the carrier mobility in organic semiconductors: herringbone vs. pi–pi stacking

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
22 Feb 2016
Accepted
02 Apr 2016
First published
04 Apr 2016

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 4546-4555
Article type
Paper

Influence of alkyl side-chain length on the carrier mobility in organic semiconductors: herringbone vs. pi–pi stacking

Z. Ma, H. Geng, D. Wang and Z. Shuai, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 4546
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC00755D

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