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Issue 18, 2016

Polymorphism as an emerging design strategy for high performance organic electronics

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Abstract

Organic electronics is a promising field spanning a wide range of applications, with unrivaled advantages in low production cost, versatility in material synthesis, and compatibility with a wide range of substrates including flexible polymeric materials. Organic molecules are characterized by weak van der Waals interactions, which grant access to multiple crystalline packing states (crystal polymorphism) at near ambient conditions. Different polymorphs, even with the slightest changes in their molecular packing can have electronic properties that differ by orders of magnitude. Therefore, accessing metastable polymorphs can serve as a novel design strategy for attaining high device performance. Recently, this strategy has been successfully applied to small organic molecules such as 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-pentacene) and 2,7-dioctyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-b][1]benzothiophene (C8-BTBT) and high hole mobilities have been attained in organic field-effect transistors fabricated using their metastable structures. In addition, polymorphism serves as an excellent platform for advancing the fundamental understanding of charge transport in π-conjugated systems. The relationship between molecular packing and charge transport can be unequivocally established since the chemical structures are identical amongst polymorphs, leaving molecular packing as the only variable in the case of packing polymorphism.

Graphical abstract: Polymorphism as an emerging design strategy for high performance organic electronics

Article information


Submitted
25 Dec 2015
Accepted
26 Feb 2016
First published
29 Feb 2016

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 3915-3933
Article type
Review Article

Polymorphism as an emerging design strategy for high performance organic electronics

H. Chung and Y. Diao, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 3915 DOI: 10.1039/C5TC04390E

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