Biomolecular strategies to modulate the macrophage response to implanted materials
The material-induced foreign body response is a major challenge for implanted medical devices. This review highlights recent developments in biomimetic approaches to create biomaterials that mitigate the host response to biomaterials. Specifically, we will describe strategies in which biomaterials are decorated with endogenously expressed biomolecules that naturally modulate the function of immune cells. These include molecules that directly bind to and interact with immune cells, as well as molecules that control complement activation or thrombosis and indirectly modulate immune cell function. We provide perspective on how these approaches may impact the design of materials for medical devices and tissue engineering.
- This article is part of the themed collections: 2016 Journal of Materials Chemistry B Most Accessed Manuscripts, Immunological Biomaterials and 2015 Journal of Materials Chemistry B Hot Papers