Cationic pillararene/ATP host–guest recognition: selectivity, inhibition of ATP hydrolysis, and application in multidrug resistance treatment†
Due to the differences in the cavity size of the hosts and the charge and length of the guests, a cationic water-soluble pillararene (WP6) selectively complexes with ATP to form a stable 1 : 1 inclusion complex WP6⊃ATP. This host–guest complexation was utilized to efficiently inhibit the hydrolysis of ATP, arising from the existence of the hydrophobic cavity of WP6. A folic acid functionalized diblock copolymer (FA-PEG-b-PAA) was employed to PEGylate WP6 to endow the polyion complex (PIC) micelles with specific targeting ability, preferentially delivering WP6 to folate receptor over-expressing KB cell. This host–guest complexation was further used to block the efflux pump to transport anticancer drugs out of cells by cutting off the energy source, which enhanced the efficacy of the cancer chemotherapy of DOX·HCl towards drug resistant MCF-7/ADR cell. This supramolecular method provides an extremely distinct strategy to potentially overcome multidrug resistance (MDR).
- This article is part of the themed collection: Global challenges: Health & Food