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Issue 75, 2016
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Cross-linked nanofilms for tunable permeability control in a composite microdomain system

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Abstract

Fabrication of microcapsule based composite materials with precise control over diffusion is desirable for applications in anti-corrosive agent release, drug delivery, and biosensing. Self-assembled layer-by-layer (LbL) nanofilms may be used to control analyte flux in these advanced materials because they allow accurate manipulation of interface properties on the nanoscale. The transport of a model analyte was evaluated across glutaraldehyde cross-linked PAH [poly(allylamine hydrochloride)]/PSS [poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)] nanofilm constructs to determine the potential of these bilayers to precisely control small-molecule diffusion. Measurements of glucose permeation rates across nanofilms deposited on planar porous substrates revealed that glutaraldehyde-mediated cross-linking drastically decreased transport across PAH-containing bilayers. Additionally, we found that analyte permeation rates can be finely tuned by controlling the degree of intralayer and interlayer PAH cross-linking. To realize the practical application of these nanofilms in micro-scale flux-based devices, the planar multilayer scheme was used to line glucose-sensing microdomains entrapped in alginate matrices. These glucose sensing nanocomposite hydrogels exhibited sensitivity and analytical range that are adjustable depending upon the characteristics of the multilayers; cross-linking of the nanofilm lining the microdomains to limit glucose diffusion resulted in an extension of the analytical range by ≈249% and a decrease in the corresponding sensitivity by ≈85%. This demonstration of control over small-molecule diffusion in microdomain-populated hydrogel materials opens the possibility to use these devices for multifunctional purposes, including biosensing and controlled release of encapsulated species such as drugs, coloring/flavoring agents, anti-corrosives, and other active molecules.

Graphical abstract: Cross-linked nanofilms for tunable permeability control in a composite microdomain system

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
24 May 2016
Accepted
21 Jul 2016
First published
22 Jul 2016

RSC Adv., 2016,6, 71781-71790
Article type
Paper

Cross-linked nanofilms for tunable permeability control in a composite microdomain system

A. Biswas, A. T. Nagaraja, Y. You, J. R. Roberts and M. J. McShane, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 71781
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA13507B

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