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Issue 68, 2016
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Biomass into chemicals: green chemical conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids

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Abstract

Biomass is one of the few resources that have the potential to meet the challenges of sustainable and green energy systems. Already numerous valuable chemicals are derived from renewable resources; among these, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), plays a vital role, because it can be obtained from carbohydrates. HMF is a versatile platform chemical for the synthesis of a wide range of industrially important materials, including biofuels. HMF is the key intermediate to bridge the gap between biomass resources and biochemicals. Recent studies have shown that all of the components of biomass are soluble in ionic liquids. Ionic liquids have undergone a remarkable process of evolution for carbohydrate conversion and several new ionic liquids have been reported. This review mainly focuses on the production of HMF from carbohydrates by using ionic liquids as solvents as well as catalysts and their reuse.

Graphical abstract: Biomass into chemicals: green chemical conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids

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Article information


Submitted
09 May 2016
Accepted
24 Jun 2016
First published
29 Jun 2016

RSC Adv., 2016,6, 63991-64002
Article type
Review Article

Biomass into chemicals: green chemical conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids

A. Chinnappan, C. Baskar and H. Kim, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 63991
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA12021K

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