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Issue 52, 2016
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Pretreatment and conversion of lignocellulose biomass into valuable chemicals

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Abstract

In the past three decades, many studies on the production of biofuels and other chemicals have been conducted using renewable sources such as lignocellulosic biomass. Lignocellulosic biomasses are abundantly available in most countries and furthermore they are carbon neutral. However, the main problem in utilizing lignocellulosic materials lies in the recalcitrance of its bonding. This review provides a comprehensive overview and a brief discussion on producing biofuel and valuable chemicals from lignocellulose biomass. Various aspects of the physical, chemical, thermophysical, thermochemical and biological pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials are discussed in this review. The success in biofuel and chemical production strongly depends on the pretreatment method used. Overall, pretreatment is the major step in the successful production of valuable products from lignocellulosic biomass.

Graphical abstract: Pretreatment and conversion of lignocellulose biomass into valuable chemicals

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Article information


Submitted
16 Apr 2016
Accepted
03 May 2016
First published
04 May 2016

RSC Adv., 2016,6, 46834-46852
Article type
Review Article

Pretreatment and conversion of lignocellulose biomass into valuable chemicals

J. N. Putro, F. E. Soetaredjo, S. Lin, Y. Ju and S. Ismadji, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 46834
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA09851G

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