Solvent-free aminocarbonylation of iodobenzene in the presence of SILP-palladium catalysts†
Heterogeneous palladium catalysts were prepared by the immobilisation of palladium on supported ionic liquid phases (SILP) obtained by physisorption or grafting. They were characterised by different techniques such as 13C CP MAS NMR, 31P CP MAS NMR, FT-IR, XPS and ICP. The catalysts were used efficiently under solvent-free conditions. They led to the formation of amide products with good to excellent selectivity. Recyclability at 5–10 bar CO pressure has also been demonstrated. The same reusable catalysts were proved to lead to the selective formation of double carbonylation products under higher pressure in DMF.