Electrocatalytic regeneration of atmospherically aged MoS2 nanostructures via solution-phase sulfidation†
The performance of MoS2 as a hydrogen evolution catalyst is diminished by exposure to air. We demonstrate a solution phase technique to resulfidate MoSxO2−x using Na2S2O3. The success of the method was judged by performance as a H+ reduction catalyst. Following sulfidation samples displayed a favourable decrease in both onset potential and Tafel slope, with the best decreasing from −0.23 V to −0.18 V (vs. SHE), and 282 mV dec−1 to 87 mV dec−1 respectively. Ageing studies indicate that this method may be used to recycle the MoS2 repeatedly without losing catalytic performance, although repeated sulfidation did result in homogenisation of the nanostructure.