Rational design of benzodithiophene based conjugated polymers for better solar cell performance
The rational design of conjugated polymers is crucial. As photovoltaic materials they need to be optimized for high-performance polymer solar cells (PSCs). We present a concise review of conjugated polymers based on benzodithiophenes (BDTs). In this account, we have discussed the conjugated polymeric designs of various architectures; consisting of electron rich donor and electron deficient acceptor moieties in the main chain, as well as in the side chains, to facilitate effective intra-molecular charge transfer. We summarize that the application of these polymeric materials drastically influences the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of polymeric solar cells. As of now, PCEs of over 10% are reported for these polymeric materials along with fullerene derivatives.