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Issue 30, 2016
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Origins of the ANRORC reactivity in nitroimidazole derivatives

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The mechanism of the ANRORC-like ring transformation of nitroimidazole derivatives towards aniline has been studied by fully exploring the potential energy surface (PES). For this purpose the reaction of some aniline derivatives towards 1,4-dinitro-1H-imidazole, 2-methyl-1,4-dinitro-1H-imidazole and 5-methyl-1,4-dinitro-1H-imidazole and have been employed as model reactions. The study reveals that the most favorable path involves an initial amine attack at the C(5)–C(4) bond of the imidazole moiety, where the imidazole distortion appears to be the main factor for the favored nucleophilic attack on the C(5) site. We further show that the reaction regioselectivity is independent of the substitution patterns on the aryl moiety. Next, we highlight the key role of the proton transfer along the reaction pathway of the title reactions to allow a successful connection between two energetically lower regions along the PES: an electrophilically activated ring-opening step followed by the favored 5-exo-trig cyclization. Additionally, we show that this 5-exo-trig cyclization step is the rate determining step. Finally the tether strain and steric effects present in the rate determining TS structure are evaluated by means of the distortion/interaction model.

Graphical abstract: Origins of the ANRORC reactivity in nitroimidazole derivatives

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The article was received on 04 Jan 2016, accepted on 21 Feb 2016 and first published on 22 Feb 2016

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA00199H
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 25215-25221

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    Origins of the ANRORC reactivity in nitroimidazole derivatives

    S. Gallardo-Fuentes, R. Contreras and R. Ormazábal-Toledo, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 25215
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA00199H

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