A BiOCl/bipolar membrane as a separator for regenerating NaOH in water-splitting cells†
Photoconductive BiOCl has been introduced into a bipolar membrane (BPM) interlayer to prepare a BiOCl/BPM. This paper reports the use of the BiOCl/BPM composite to regenerate NaOH. Under reverse bias and sunlight irradiation conditions, the BiOCl/BPM resistance and cell voltage can be significantly decreased due to the photoconductivity of the BiOCl photocatalyst, which lead to the energy consumption decline in regenerating NaOH. Moreover, the electric field in the interlayer of the BiOCl/BPM contributes in separating the photo-generated electron–hole pairs of the BiOCl photocatalyst, thereby increasing the current efficiency of regenerating NaOH.