Rapid, green and inexpensive synthesis of high quality UiO-66 amino-functionalized materials with exceptional capability for removal of hexavalent chromium from industrial waste†
We describe a new synthetic method for the isolation of the UiO-66 amino-functionalized material (called metal organic resin-1, MOR-1) and its composite with alginic acid (HA). MOR-1 can be prepared in high yield (∼70%) and purity within an hour via a reflux reaction of ZrCl4 and 2-amino-terephthalic acid in acifidied aqueous solution, whereas addition of sodium alginate to the fine suspension of MOR-1 resulting from the reflux synthesis affords the MOR-1-HA composite. This inexpensive, green and fast preparation method results in UiO-66 amino-functionalized materials (MOR-1 and MOR-1-HA) of the same quality and microporous features as those of compounds isolated with the slower solvothermal synthesis involving toxic and costly organic solvents. Field Emission-Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) studies revealed that MOR-1 consists of spongy nanoparticles (150–300 nm in size), whereas MOR-1-HA nanoparticles are relatively compact. Thus, for the first time we could visualize the effect of alginic acid partially coating the surface of the MOR particles. The composite prepared by this method can be successfully utilized as a stationary phase, mixed with sand, in an anion-exchange column. The column shows excellent hexavalent chromium sorption properties and can be easily regenerated and reused several times with almost no loss of its initial Cr(VI) removal capacity. Remarkably, this ion exchange column is capable of eliminating Cr(VI) ions from chrome plating wastewater samples, thus indicating its potential for applications in industrial wastewater treatment.
- This article is part of the themed collections: HOT articles in Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers for 2016 and 2015 Emerging Investigators by ICF