Enhancing the photoluminescence quantum yields of blue-emitting cationic iridium(iii) complexes bearing bisphosphine ligands†
Herein we present a structure–property relationship study of thirteen cationic iridium(III) complexes of the form of [Ir(C^N)2(P^P)]PF6 in both solution and the solid state through systematic evaluation of six bisphosphine (P^P) ligands (xantphos, dpephos, dppe, Dppe, nixantphos and isopropxantphos). All of the complexes are sky-blue emissive, but their photoluminescence quantum yields (ΦPL) are generally low. However, strong and long-lived blue luminescence (λem = 471 nm; ΦPL = 52%; τe = 13.5 μs) can be obtained by combining the reduced bite angle of the 1,2-bis-diphenylphosphinoethene (dppe) chelate with the bulky 2-(4,6-difluorophenyl)-4-mesitylpyridinato (dFmesppy) cyclometalating ligand. To the best of our knowledge this is the highest ΦPL and the longest τe reported for cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes bearing bisphosphine ligands. Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LEECs) were fabricated using lead complexes from this study, however due in part to the irreversible electrochemistry, no functional LEEC was achieved. Organic light-emitting diodes were successfully fabricated but only attained maximum external quantum efficiencies of 0.25%.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2015 Emerging Investigators by ICF