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Issue 30, 2016
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Ultra-small lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles for tumor-penetrating drug delivery

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Lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles, consisting of a polymeric core coated by a layer of lipids, are a class of highly scalable, biodegradable nanocarriers that have shown great promise in drug delivery applications. Here, we demonstrate the facile synthesis of ultra-small, sub-25 nm lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles using an adapted nanoprecipitation approach and explore their utility for targeted delivery of a model chemotherapeutic. The fabrication process is first optimized to produce a monodisperse population of particles that are stable under physiological conditions. It is shown that these ultra-small hybrid nanoparticles can be functionalized with a targeting ligand on the surface and loaded with drug inside the polymeric matrix. Further, the in vivo fate of the nanoparticles after intravenous injection is characterized by examining the blood circulation and biodistribution. In a final proof-of-concept study, targeted ultra-small hybrid nanoparticles loaded with the cancer drug docetaxel are used to treat a mouse tumor model and demonstrate improved efficacy compared to a clinically available formulation of the drug. The ability to synthesize a significantly smaller version of the established lipid–polymer hybrid platform can ultimately enhance its applicability across a wider range of applications.

Graphical abstract: Ultra-small lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles for tumor-penetrating drug delivery

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Article information

20 May 2016
05 Jul 2016
First published
06 Jul 2016

Nanoscale, 2016,8, 14411-14419
Article type

Ultra-small lipid–polymer hybrid nanoparticles for tumor-penetrating drug delivery

D. Dehaini, R. H. Fang, B. T. Luk, Z. Pang, C. J. Hu, A. V. Kroll, C. L. Yu, W. Gao and L. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 14411
DOI: 10.1039/C6NR04091H

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