Solid-state electrochemistry on the nanometer and atomic scales: the scanning probe microscopy approach
Energy technologies of the 21st century require an understanding and precise control over ion transport and electrochemistry at all length scales – from single atoms to macroscopic devices. This short review provides a summary of recent studies dedicated to methods of advanced scanning probe microscopy for probing electrochemical transformations in solids at the meso-, nano- and atomic scales. The discussion presents the advantages and limitations of several techniques and a wealth of examples highlighting peculiarities of nanoscale electrochemistry.
- This article is part of the themed collections: 2016 Nanoscale HOT Article Collection and Electrochemical processes at the nanoscale: from fundamentals to applications