Jump to main content
Jump to site search
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Maintenance work is planned for Monday 16 August 2021 from 07:00 to 23:59 (BST).

Website performance may be temporarily affected and you may not be able to access some PDFs or images. If this does happen, refreshing your web browser should resolve the issue. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 21, 2016

Interstitial flow regulates the angiogenic response and phenotype of endothelial cells in a 3D culture model

Author affiliations

Abstract

A crucial yet ill-defined phenomenon involved in the remodeling of vascular networks, including angiogenic sprouting, is flow-mediated endothelial dynamics and phenotype changes. Despite interstitial flow (IF) being ubiquitously present in living tissues surrounding blood capillaries, it is rarely investigated and poorly understood how endothelial cells respond to this flow during morphogenesis. Here we develop a microfluidic 3D in vitro model to investigate the role of IF during vasculogenic formation and angiogenic remodeling of microvascular networks. In the presented model, human blood endothelial cells co-cultured with stromal fibroblasts spontaneously organize into an interconnected microvascular network and then further expand to adjacent avascular regions in a manner of neovessel sprouting. We found that in the presence of IF, vasculogenic organization of the microvascular network was significantly facilitated regardless of the flow direction, whereas angiogenic sprouting was promoted only when the directions of flow and sprouting were opposite while angiogenic activity was suppressed into the direction of flow. We also observed that the vasculatures switch between active angiogenic remodeling and quiescent/non-sprouting state in the contexts provided by IF. This regulatory effect can be utilized to examine the role of anti-angiogenic compounds, clearly distinguishing the differential influences of the compounds depending on their mechanisms of action. Collectively, these results suggest that IF may serve as a critical regulator in tissue vascularization and pathological angiogenesis.

Graphical abstract: Interstitial flow regulates the angiogenic response and phenotype of endothelial cells in a 3D culture model

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
18 Jul 2016
Accepted
16 Sep 2016
First published
16 Sep 2016

Lab Chip, 2016,16, 4189-4199
Article type
Paper

Interstitial flow regulates the angiogenic response and phenotype of endothelial cells in a 3D culture model

S. Kim, M. Chung, J. Ahn, S. Lee and N. L. Jeon, Lab Chip, 2016, 16, 4189 DOI: 10.1039/C6LC00910G

To request permission to reproduce material from this article, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements