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Issue 1, 2017
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Computational model of inductively coupled plasma sources in comparison to experimental data for different torch designs and plasma conditions. Part I: experimental study

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Abstract

Emission of argon, analyte atoms and ions, and OH lines in standard and low-argon-flow inductively coupled plasmas (ICPs) was studied spatially using a novel imaging acousto-optical spectrometer (AOS). Unique characteristics of the AOS (wavelength range: 250–800 nm, spectral resolution: 0.05–0.5 nm, time resolution: 5 ns, change of wavelength: 0.2 ms, spatial resolution: >125 μm) allowed the measurement of high quality images at 21 different wavelengths for each set of plasma conditions within approximately 20 min. Fundamental plasma properties were determined over a wide range of operational parameters. Rotational, excitation, and electron temperatures were ranging from 4580–5120 K, 4360–5000 K, and 8770–10 840 K in the analytical zone of the low-argon-flow ICP, and 3230–4250 K, 3000–5560 K, and 6130–10 200 K in the analytical zone of the standard ICP, respectively. The emission investigations were complemented by IR-measurements of the torch wall temperature and measurements of electrical properties of the ICP. RF voltages and RF currents were measured directly in the load coil and were used to calculate the plasma power. Depending on plasma conditions, the measured power differs from the indicated one (vendor software) by up to a factor of two.

Graphical abstract: Computational model of inductively coupled plasma sources in comparison to experimental data for different torch designs and plasma conditions. Part I: experimental study

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 May 2016
Accepted
05 Dec 2016
First published
05 Dec 2016

J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2017,32, 167-180
Article type
Paper

Computational model of inductively coupled plasma sources in comparison to experimental data for different torch designs and plasma conditions. Part I: experimental study

M. Voronov, V. Hoffmann, C. Engelhard and W. Buscher, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2017, 32, 167 DOI: 10.1039/C6JA00191B

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