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Issue 4, 2016
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The beneficial effects of taurine in preventing metabolic syndrome

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Abstract

Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, has become a very serious public health concern. A number of studies have provided evidence that taurine has an efficient action against metabolic syndrome, which includes reducing triglycerides to prevent obesity, improving insulin resistance to regulate glucose metabolism, lowering cholesterol (especially decreasing VLDL + LDL cholesterol and increasing HDL cholesterol) to prevent diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, and regulating the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the kallikrein-kinin system etc. to reduce blood pressure. This review summarizes the data from in vitro, animal and limited human studies of beneficial effects of taurine on obesity, dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and addresses the possible metabolic and molecular mechanisms of the prevention of metabolic syndrome by taurine.

Graphical abstract: The beneficial effects of taurine in preventing metabolic syndrome

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Article information


Submitted
27 Oct 2015
Accepted
13 Feb 2016
First published
16 Feb 2016

Food Funct., 2016,7, 1849-1863
Article type
Review Article

The beneficial effects of taurine in preventing metabolic syndrome

W. Chen, J. Guo, Y. Zhang and J. Zhang, Food Funct., 2016, 7, 1849
DOI: 10.1039/C5FO01295C

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