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Issue 11, 2016
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The potential for microfluidics in electrochemical energy systems

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Abstract

Flow based electrochemical energy conversion devices have the potential to become a prominent energy storage technology in a world driven by renewable energy sources. The optimal design of these devices depends strongly on the tradeoffs between the losses associated with multiple transport processes: convection and diffusion of reactants and products, migration of ionic species, and electrical charge transport. In this article we provide a balanced assessment of the compromise between these losses and demonstrate that for a broad range of electrochemical reactors, the use of microfluidics can enhance the energy conversion efficiency. Moreover, we propose proven scale-up strategies of microelectrochemical reactors which could pave the way to the large scale implementation of energy microfluidic systems.

Graphical abstract: The potential for microfluidics in electrochemical energy systems

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
30 Jun 2016
Accepted
14 Sep 2016
First published
14 Sep 2016

This article is Open Access

Energy Environ. Sci., 2016,9, 3381-3391
Article type
Perspective

The potential for microfluidics in electrochemical energy systems

M. A. Modestino, D. Fernandez Rivas, S. M. H. Hashemi, J. G. E. Gardeniers and D. Psaltis, Energy Environ. Sci., 2016, 9, 3381
DOI: 10.1039/C6EE01884J

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