Synthesis and catalytic applications of 1,2,3-triazolylidene gold(i) complexes in silver-free oxazoline syntheses and C–H bond activation†
A series of novel 1,2,3-triazolylidene gold(I) chloride complexes have been synthesised and fully characterised. Silver-free methodologies for chloride ion abstraction of these complexes were evaluated for their potential as Au-based catalyst precursors. Using simple potassium salts or MeOTf as chloride scavengers produced metal complexes that catalyse both the regioselective synthesis of oxazolines and the C–H activation of benzene or styrene for carbene transfer from ethyl diazoacetate. These results indicate that Ag-free activation of 1,2,3-triazolylidene gold(I) chloride complexes is feasible for the generation of catalytically active Au triazolylidene species. However, silver-mediated activation imparts substantially higher catalytic activity in oxazoline synthesis.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Small Molecule Activation