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Issue 24, 2016
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Catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol in a Lewis pair functionalized MOF

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Abstract

Capture and conversion of CO2 to methanol using a renewable source of H2 is a promising way to reduce net CO2 emissions while producing valuable fuels. Design of an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for CO2 hydrogenation is critical for the large-scale implementation of the CO2 to methanol process. Combining both capture and conversion of CO2 in a single material has the potential to reduce the overall cost through process intensification. We have used density functional theory to computationally design a catalyst capable of producing methanol from CO2 and H2, including calculating the reaction pathways and barriers of each step. The catalyst consists of a microporous metal organic framework (UiO-67) functionalized with catalytically active Lewis pair functional groups. Our calculations indicate that this novel catalyst facilitates the heterolytic dissociation of H2 to generate hydridic and protic H atoms bound to Lewis acid and base sites, respectively, which facilitates a series of simultaneous transfer of two hydrogens to produce methanol: Image ID:c6cy01245k-t1.gif. Importantly, our catalyst binds H2 more strongly than CO2, which prevents CO2 from poisoning the Lewis acid and base sites.

Graphical abstract: Catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol in a Lewis pair functionalized MOF

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
07 Jun 2016
Accepted
07 Oct 2016
First published
14 Oct 2016

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016,6, 8392-8405
Article type
Paper

Catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol in a Lewis pair functionalized MOF

J. Ye and J. K. Johnson, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2016, 6, 8392
DOI: 10.1039/C6CY01245K

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