1,2,4-Triazole-based molecular switches: crystal structures, Hirshfeld surface analysis and optical properties†
We have studied a series of eight closely related N-salicylidene-4-amino-1,2,4-triazole molecules 1–8, obtained by condensation of the corresponding aldehyde with 4-amino-4H-1,2,4-triazole. 1H NMR spectroscopy in solution revealed the presence of a single structure at least in DMSO-d6. According to single-crystal X-ray diffraction, it was established that the crystal structures of 5–8 each are stabilized by a linear intramolecular hydrogen bond of the O–H⋯N type, formed between the o-OH hydrogen atom of the phenolic ring and the imine nitrogen atom. The same o-OH function in the crystal structures of 1–4 was found to be involved in the intermolecular hydrogen bonds with one of the triazole nitrogen atoms of the adjacent molecule. The overall geometry of each molecule in the structures of 1–8 was found to be almost planar or slightly deviated from planarity. Hirshfeld surface analysis showed that the structures of all compounds are mainly characterized by H⋯H, H⋯C, H⋯N and H⋯O contacts but some contribution from C⋯C and C⋯N contacts is also clearly observed. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy reveals the exclusive presence of the enol form in the solid state at room temperature for 1–6 and 8, while a mixture of dominant enol and cis-keto forms were found for 7. All the studied molecules 1–8 were not photoswitchable, while 7 was found to be thermochromic from coloured to colourless upon cooling.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Solid-State Photochemistry