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Issue 47, 2016
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Magnetic transitions and isotropic versus anisotropic magnetic behaviour of [CH3NH3][M(HCOO)3] M = Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ metal–organic perovskites

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Abstract

Here we present an in-depth study of the magnetic properties of a family of metal–organic perovskites ABX3, [CH3NH3][M(HCOO)3] in which A = CH3NH3+ is the methylammonium cation, B = M is a divalent metal cation (Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+ or Cu2+), and X is the formate anion (HCOO). The magnetic properties have been measured on powdered samples and along the different orientations of mm-sized single crystals. They display spin-canted weak ferromagnetism with Néel temperatures of 8.0 K (Mn2+), 15.7 K (Co2+) and 34 K (Ni2+), which are inversely proportional to the ionic radii of the metal cations. The Cu2+ member displays low-dimensional magnetism as a result of orbital ordering of the Cu2+ d orbitals originating from a Jahn–Teller distortion. Pulsed-field magnetization experiments (fields of up to 60 T at temperatures down to 0.6 K) show that Mn2+, Co2+ and Ni2+ formates display cation-characteristic spin flop transitions. A saturation magnetization value of 5 μB (at 12.5 T) was observed for Mn2+, meanwhile the Co2+ formate shows an orientation dependent quasi saturation (5.1 μB at 21 T along [101] vs. 5.8 μB at 26 T along [010]). The different isotropic/anisotropic behaviour can be explained by the orbital contribution to the magnetic response.

Graphical abstract: Magnetic transitions and isotropic versus anisotropic magnetic behaviour of [CH3NH3][M(HCOO)3] M = Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ metal–organic perovskites

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Sep 2016, accepted on 30 Oct 2016 and first published on 31 Oct 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC03992H
J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 11164-11172
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    Magnetic transitions and isotropic versus anisotropic magnetic behaviour of [CH3NH3][M(HCOO)3] M = Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ metal–organic perovskites

    B. Pato-Doldán, L. C. Gómez-Aguirre, A. P. Hansen, J. Mira, S. Castro-García, M. Sánchez-Andújar, M. A. Señarís-Rodríguez, V. S. Zapf and J. Singleton, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 11164
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TC03992H

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