MOF-derived Co-doped nickel selenide/C electrocatalysts supported on Ni foam for overall water splitting†
It is of prime importance to develop dual-functional electrocatalysts with good activity for overall water splitting, which remains a great challenge. Herein, we report the synthesis of a Co-doped nickel selenide (a mixture of NiSe2 and Ni3Se4)/C hybrid nanostructure supported on Ni foam using a metal–organic framework as the precursor. The resulting catalyst exhibits excellent catalytic activity toward the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), which only requires an overpotential of 275 mV to drive a current density of 30 mA cm−2. This overpotential is much lower than those reported for precious metal free OER catalysts. The hybrid is also capable of catalyzing the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) efficiently. A current density of −10 mA cm−2 can be achieved at 90 mV. In addition, such a hybrid nanostructure can achieve 10 and 30 mA cm−2 at potentials of 1.6 and 1.71 V, respectively, along with good durability when functioning as both the cathode and the anode for overall water splitting in basic media.