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Issue 34, 2016
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Fast self-diffusion of ions in CH3NH3PbI3: the interstiticaly mechanism versus vacancy-assisted mechanism

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Abstract

The stability of organic–inorganic halide perovskites is a major challenge for their applications and has been extensively studied. Among the possible underlying reasons, ion self-diffusion has been inferred to play important roles. While theoretical studies congruously support that iodine is more mobile, experimental studies only observe the direct diffusion of the MA ion and possible diffusion of iodine. The discrepancy may result from the incomplete understanding of ion diffusion mechanisms. With the help of first-principles calculations, we studied ion diffusion in CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) through not only the vacancy-assisted mechanisms presumed in previous theoretical studies, but also the neglected interstiticaly mechanisms. We found that compared to the diffusion through the vacancy-assisted mechanism, MA ion diffusion through the interstiticaly mechanism has a much smaller barrier which could explain experimental observations. For iodine diffusion, both mechanisms can yield relatively small barriers. Depending on the growth conditions, defect densities of vacancies and interstitials can vary and so do the diffusion species as well as diffusion mechanisms. Our work thus supports that both MA and iodine ion diffusion could contribute to the performance instability of MAPbI3. While being congruous with experimental results, our work fills the research gap by providing a full understanding of ion diffusion in halide perovskites.

Graphical abstract: Fast self-diffusion of ions in CH3NH3PbI3: the interstiticaly mechanism versus vacancy-assisted mechanism

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Apr 2016
Accepted
26 Jul 2016
First published
26 Jul 2016

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4, 13105-13112
Article type
Paper

Fast self-diffusion of ions in CH3NH3PbI3: the interstiticaly mechanism versus vacancy-assisted mechanism

J. Yang, W. Yin, J. Park and S. Wei, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 13105 DOI: 10.1039/C6TA03599J

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